The symptoms of sleep disorders and sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) are important to recognize in patients.
One of the most recognizable symptoms of sleep disorders is snoring, even though many patients ignore this sign or fail to recognize it as a symptom of a more serious condition.
Other symptoms of sleep-disordered breathing may include:
- excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS)
- poor concentration
- morning headaches
- depressed mood
- night sweats
- weight gain
- sexual dysfunction
If your patient presents with any of these symptoms, it’s important to talk to them about SDB and recommend a sleep test.
However, these symptoms of sleep disorders may not relate to sleep apnea, so it’s important that an accurate diagnosis is made.
Symptoms of sleep-disordered breathing in children
Sleep-disordered breathing also affects up to 3%1 of children, with common symptoms including:
- habitual snoring (which affects about 3.2 – 12%1,2 of children)
- noisy breathing/increased work of breathing
- pauses in breathing with noisy resumption of breathing
- chronic mouth breathing
- behavioral problems, such as hyperactivity and aggressiveness
- restless sleep
There are a number of risk factors that could also predispose children to having sleep-disordered breathing, including:
- Adenotonsillar hypertrophy
- Craniofacial malformation
- Congenital syndromes (e.g. Down’s, Marfan’s, Pierre Robin Sequence, Achondroplasia)
If symptoms of sleep-disordered breathing are observed in a child, it’s important to either refer the child to a pediatric sleep physician and/or recommend a sleep test to determine whether he or she has a breathing disorder.
Find out how to request a sleep test.